JALITE Fire Safety Signs
The following list gives an example of which elements would be covered by a JALITE fire safety signs survey:
Means of Escape Signs (Exit and protected Fire or Emergency Exit): For a means of escape route to be effective, it is important that from any place within the building, occupants have directional information that will lead them to the nearest safe exit. It can be agreed to replace fire safety signs that do not conform to Standards and to look at placing additional signs where doubt may exist as to location of exits/fire exits.
Note: “Above minimum requirements” will take notice of the overwhelming bank of research and evidence that directional signing at low location can significantly improve the possibilities of egress in difficult situations. Fire Safety Signs displayed within the whole visual field of high medium and low location offers the optimum way-guidance information and is a basis for Safety way-guidance systems.
Mandatory Fire Door Signs: All escape routes have to be kept unobstructed and be accessible at all times. It is essential that fire doors are kept shut and that fire exits are kept clear.
Emergency Door Opening Devices: The priority in any emergency requiring evacuation is to enable occupants to leave the building and reach a place of safety quickly. It is important that all escape and access mechanisms provided for use in an emergency are clearly identified and that operating instructions are clearly marked. Specific issues arise with the need to balance building security with ease of access to escape routes and free egress.
Fire Action Notices: All occupants need to know what to do in the event of a fire and the procedures that need to be followed from a specific fire alarm call point. The essential training given can be reinforced with Fire Action Notices clearly visible and readable at all times.
Evacuation and escape plans: The legal requirement in many jurisdictions should be fulfilled with clear and precise and correctly oriented plans. Evacuation and escape plans being essential for consultation during normal occupation of the building should also be seen in case of power failure. Escape plans are an integral part of fire safety signs.
Fire Fighting Equipment Location Signs: Occupants always need to be aware of fire fighting equipment and alarm call points. These signs also identify the extinguisher type and the classes of fire it can be safely used on. A Fire Safety Signs Survey will examine their location and consider their capability to act as effective location devices in the area.
Lift Signs: Lifts will normally not be used in the event of a fire. These fire safety signs will remind occupants not to use the lift in a fire situation.
Identification of Hazards on and adjacent to the Means of Escape: These signs will help to identify hazards such as trip hazards, flammable substances and electrical hazards on the means of escape route. It is particularly important that these hazards are identified to protect anyone using these routes including any fire fighters that may be on the premises.
Method of Operation Signs: Signs such as “push”, “pull” and “turn to open” will enable occupants to operate doors quickly and easily.
Safe Area Fire Safety Signs: Safe areas for disabled occupants are required to offer a temporarily safe space to await assistance for their evacuation. Most codes require these areas to be clearly identified by signs.
Hazard Identification Signs: Where there are residual risks, it is important that occupants and firefighters are made aware of these risks, particularly when adjacent or within a means of escape route.
Prohibition Signs: Prohibition fire safety signs are used to enforce control risk measures by identifying specific forbidden behaviour to reinforce and complement formal training.
Personal Protective Equipment Signs: Where there is a requirement for safety clothing to be worn personal protective equipment signs act as a reminder to those in the vicinity.
Exterior Fire Safety Signs: Exterior fire safety signs include assembly point signs and mandatory fire exit keep clear signs that may be required on the outside of fire exit doors in order that the route is kept free from obstructions.